Wicked Wizard E liquid CVape life: welcome to the weird world of e cig evangelists
An electronic cigarette (e cig or e cigarette), personal vaporizer (PV) or electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) is a battery-powered vaporizer that feels similar totobacco smoking. They are often cylindrical, with many variations. Some e cigarettes look like traditional cigarettes, but others do not. There are disposable or reusable versions. The user inhales an aerosol, commonly called vapor, rather than cigarette smoke. E cigarettes typically have a heating element that atomizes a liquid solutionknown as e liquid. E liquids usually contain propylene glycol, glycerin, nicotine, andflavorings. E liquids are also sold without propylene glycol, without nicotine, or without flavors.
The benefits and health risks of electronic cigarettes are uncertain One review found limited evidence of a benefit as a smoking cessation aid, but there is no evidence they are better than regulated medication for quitting smoking. Their usefulness in tobacco harm reduction is unclear. One review found their safety risk is similar to that of smokeless tobacco. Another found US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved products, such as nicotine inhalers, are probably safer than e cigarettes.
Limited evidence suggests e cigarettes are safer than traditional cigarettes. People who do not already smoke can become addicted to them. There is no evidence e cigarettes are regularly used by those who have never smoked. E cigarette use may delay or deter quitting smoking. E cigarettes create vapor that consists of ultrafine particles. The vapor contains similar chemicals to the e liquid, together with tiny amounts of toxicants and heavy metals. E cigarette vapor contains fewer toxic substances than cigarette smoke, and is likely to be less harmful than traditional cigarettes to users and bystanders. No serious adverse effects from e cigarettes have been reported in trials. Less serious adverse effects include throat and mouth inflammation, vomiting, nausea, and cough. The long-term effects of e cigarette use are unknown.
Use has risen. As of 2012, up to 10% of American high school students had used them at least once, and around 3.4% of American adults as of 2011. In the UK user numbers have increased from 700,000 in 2012 to 2.1 million in 2013. About 60% of UK users are smokers and most others are ex-smokers. Most e cigarette users still smoke traditional cigarettes.]Most peoples' reason for using e cigarettes is related to quitting, but a considerable proportion use them recreationally The modern e cigarette arose from a 2003 invention by Hon Lik in China and as of 2014 most devices are made there.E cigarette brands have increased their advertising, using marketing techniques like those used to sell cigarettes in the 1950s and 1960s. Because of the potential relationship with tobacco laws and medical drug policies, electronic cigarette legislation is being debated in many countries The European Parliament passed regulations in February 2014 standardizing liquids and personal vaporizers, listing ingredients, and child-proofing liquid containers The US FDA published proposed regulations in April 2014 with some similar measures.
As of 2013, there are several million e cigarette users globally. Awareness and use of e cigarettes greatly increased over the few years to 2014, particularly among young people and women in some countries. Vaping among young people exceeds smoking. People with higher incomes are more likely to have heard of e cigarettes, but those with lower incomes are more likely to have tried them. Trying e cigarettes was common among less educated people. Whites are more likely to use them than non-whites. Most users have a history of smoking normal cigarettes. Some young people who have never smoked normal cigarettes have tried e cigarettes at least once.
The majority of e cigarette users use them every day E cigarette users mostly keep smoking traditional cigarettes Many say e cigarettes help them cut down or quit smoking. Adults often use e cigarettes to replace tobacco, but not always to quit. Dual use of e cigarettes with traditional cigarettes is relatively common. Most e cigarette users are middle-aged men who also smoke traditional cigarettes, either to help them quit or for recreational use. Among women, vaping is rising sharply. E cigarette use is also rising among women of childbearing age, but the rate of use during pregnancy is unknown. Dual use of e cigarettes and traditional tobacco is still a definite concern. Many worry that vaping may be a "gateway" to smoking. A 2014 review raised ethical concerns about minors' e cigarette use and the potential to weaken cigarette smoking reduction efforts
In the US, as of 2011, one in five adults who smoke have tried e cigarettes and 3.3% are still using them E cigarette use is rapidly growing in young adults. Among grade 6 to 12 students in the US, those who have tried them rose from 3.3% in 2011 to 6.8% in 2012 and those still vaping rose from 0.6% to 1.1%. Over the same period the percentage of grade 6 to 12 students who regularly smoke tobacco cigarettes fell from 7.5% to 6.7%. Use frequency has risen: as of 2012, up to 10% of American high school students have ever used them. In 2013 the CDC found a threefold increase from 2011 in youth who have vaped but never smoked. Between 2013 and 2014, use of e cigarettes by US teenagers tripled.The majority of young people who vape also smoke. E cigarette use among never-smoking youth in the US correlates with an elevated wish to use traditional cigarettes.
In the UK in 2014, 18% of regular smokers said they used e cigarettes and 51% said they had used them in the past. Among those who had never smoked, 1.1% said they had tried them and 0.2% still uses them. In 2013, among those under 18, 7% have used e cigarettes at least once. Among non-smokers' children, 1% reported having tried e cigarettes "once or twice", and there was no evidence of continued use. Sustained use was mostly confined to children who smoke or have smoked. In 2014 child regular users was at 1.8%, children who have ever used e cigarettes was at 10%, and occasional or greater use among never-smoking children was at 0.18%. About 60% are smokers and most of the rest are ex-smokers.
A February 2014 survey in France estimated that between 7.7 and 9.2 million people have tried e cigarettes, with 1.1 to 1.9 million using them on a daily basis. 67% of tobacco smokers in the survey used e cigarettes to reduce or quit tobacco smoking. 9% of those who tried e cigarettes had never smoked tobacco. Of the 1.2% that had recently stopped tobacco smoking at the time of the survey, 84% (or 1% of the population surveyed) credited e cigarettes for stopping tobacco use.
Larger numbers of young people are starting to use e cigarettes,and many young people who use e cigarettes also smoke traditional cigarettes. Some youths who have tried an e cigarette have never smoked a traditional cigarette; this indicates they can be a starting point for nicotine use. There are high levels of dual use with e cigarettes and traditional cigarettes Most young people are not using e cigarettes to help them quit tobacco. Teenagers who used an e cigarette were more inclined than those who had not used them to become traditional cigarette users.
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Common reasons people use the e cigarette is a desire to quit smoking cigarettes, cut down on their smoking habit or for use where smoking is prohibited by law.
There are varied reasons for e cigarette use. Most users' motivation is related to quitting, but a fair proportion of use is recreational, for enjoyment, for relaxation, or to practice tricks like blowing smoke rings The activity known in the vaping community as cloud-chasing to exhale the largest cloud of vapor is increasing in popularity. Many users assume vaping is healthier than smoking for personal use or for bystanders. Some are concerned about the possible adverse health effects or toxicity of e cigarettes. People who think vaping is less toxic than smoking may be more likely to experiment with them.Marketing strategies directed at smokers frequently draw comparisons with regular cigarettes by suggesting e cigarette devices are "newer, healthier, cheaper and easier to use in smoke-free situations, all reasons that e cigarette users claim motivate their use". Exposure to e cigarette advertising influenced people to try them.
E cigarette user blowing a cloud of aerosol (vapor).
A 2015 review said that if tobacco businesses persuade women that e cigarettes are a small risk, non-smoking women of reproductive age might start using them and women smoking during pregnancy might switch to their use or use these devices to reduce smoking, instead of stopping using traditional cigarettes. Another 2015 review said that the belief that e cigarettes are safer than traditional cigarettes could widen their use among pregnant women. Traditional cigarette users who have not used e cigarettes had mixed ideas about their possible satisfaction and around a third thought that e cigarettes might taste bad. They feel or taste similar to traditional cigarettes, and vapers disagreed about whether this was a benefit or a drawback. Some users liked that e cigarettes resembled traditional cigarettes, but others did not. E cigarettes users' views about saving money from using e cigarettes compared to traditional cigarettes are inconsistent. The majority of committed e cigarette users interviewed at an e cigarette convention found them less costly than traditional cigarettes.
Some users stopped vaping due to issues with the devices. Not having odor from smoke on clothes on some occasions prompted interest in or use of e cigarettes. Although some people want to quit smoking using e cigarettes, others use them to circumvent smoke-free laws and policies, or to cut back on normal cigarette smoking. E cigarette users have contradictory views about using them to get around smoking bans. Some surveys found that a small percentage of users' motives were to avoid the bans, but other surveys found that over 40% of users said they used the device for this reason ]The extent to which traditional cigarette users vape to avoid smoking bans is unclear.
A 2014 review found "Health-related and lifestyle appeals may also encourage initiation among young non-smokers, as they may convey that trying e cigarettes is less risky and more socially appealing, which may ameliorate negative beliefs or concerns about nicotine addiction." Adolescent experimenting with e cigarettes may be related to sensation seekingbehavior, and is not likely to be associated with tobacco reduction or quitting smoking. Young people and children are tempted by flavored e cigarettes. The main reasons young people experimented with e cigarettes were due to curiosity, flavors, and peer influences. E cigarettes can appeal to youth because of their high-tech design, assortment of flavors, and accessibility online. E cigarettes could be more appealing to non-smoking youths than traditional cigarettes.In the US, the North West of England and Paris, vaping by children may be due to experimentation In North Wales, girls who use e cigarettes consider them appealing. Infants and toddlers could ingest the e liquid from an e cigarette device out of curiosity.
Many users might begin by using a disposable e cigarette. E cigarette users often start with an e cigarette resembling a normal cigarette and eventually most of them switch to a later-generation device. Most users of later-generation e cigarettes shifted to their present model to get a "more satisfying hit". Many users enjoy adjusting their devices to provide more vapor for better throat hits.