Electronic Cigarette Regulation
Regulation of e cigarettes vary from across countries and states with no regulation to others banning them entirely. As of 2015, around two thirds of major nations have regulated e cigarettes in some way. Because of the potential relationship with tobacco laws and medical drug policies, e cigarette legislation is being debated in many countries. Regulators are currently evaluating the research on e cigarettes.
The legal status of e cigarettes is currently pending in many countries. Some countries such Brazil, Singapore, the Seychelles, and Uruguay have banned e cigarettes. In Canada, they are technically illegal to sell, as no nicotine-containing e-fluid is approved by Health Canada, but this is generally unenforced and they are commonly available for sale Canada-wide. In the US and the UK, the use and sale of e cigarettes are legal.
In February 2014 the European Parliament passed regulations requiring standardization and quality control for liquids and vaporizers, disclosure of ingredients in liquids, and child-proofing and tamper-proofing for liquid packaging. In April 2014 the US FDA published proposed regulations for e cigarettes along similar lines. In the US, as of 2014 some states tax e cigarettes as tobacco products, and some state and regional governments have broadened their indoor smoking bans to include e cigarettes. As of July 2014, with an absence of federal regulations in the US, 44 states have adopted or are planning to implement their own e cigarette regulations, including banning the sale to minors and banning the use in indoor public places. As of December 2014, e cigarettes are legal for minors to buy in ten states in the U.S.
E cigarettes have been listed as drug delivery devices in several countries because they contain nicotine, and their advertising has been restricted until safety and efficacy clinical trials are conclusive. Since they do not contain tobacco, television advertising in the US is not restricted. Some countries have regulated e cigarettes as a medical product even though they have not approved them as a smoking cessation aid. As of 2014 electronic cigarettes had not been approved as a smoking cessation device by any government. A 2014 review stated the emerging phenomenon of e cigarettes has raised concerns in the health community, governments, and the general public and recommended that e cigarettes should be regulated to protect consumers. It added, "heavy regulation by restricting access to e cigarettes would just encourage continuing use of much unhealthier tobacco smoking." A 2014 review said these products should be considered for regulation in view of the "reported adverse health effects".