Wicked Wizard Eliquid Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems ("E cigarettes"): Review of Safety and Smoking Cessation Efficacy
Electronic nicotine delivery systems ("e cigarettes"): review of safety and smoking cessation efficacy.
Harrell PT1, Simmons VN2, Correa JB2, Padhya TA3, Brandon TH2.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:
Cigarette smoking is common among cancer patients and is associated with negative outcomes. Electronic nicotine delivery systems ("e cigarettes") are rapidly growing in popularity and use, but there is limited information on their safety or effectiveness in helping individuals quit smoking.
The authors searched PubMed, Web of Science, and additional sources for published empirical data on safety and use of electronic cigarettes as an aid to quit smoking.
We conducted a structured search of the current literature up to and including November 2013.
E cigarettes currently vary widely in their contents and are sometimes inconsistent with labeling. Compared to tobacco cigarettes, available evidence suggests that e cigarettes are often substantially lower in toxic content, cytotoxicity, associated adverse effects, and secondhand toxicity exposure. Data on the use of e cigarettes for quitting smoking are suggestive but ultimately inconclusive.
Clinicians are advised to be aware that the use of e cigarettes, especially among cigarette smokers, is growing rapidly. These devices are unregulated, of unknown safety, and of uncertain benefit in quitting smoking.
IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE:
In the absence of further data or regulation, oncologists are advised to discuss the known and unknown safety and efficacy information on e cigarettes with interested patients and to encourage patients to first try FDA-approved pharmacotherapies for smoking cessation.
© American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery Foundation 2014.